28 PLOBA INDICA. [Ranunculacea.
diametro f-1-nncialia, basi cordata, profunde crenato-lobata, vel triloba, lobis cre-
natk Suyi 2-4-unciales, debiles, 1-flori. Flores 0. glacialii sed paullo majores,
diametro unciales, Petda oblonga, spathulata, fovea nectarifera parva ecalloaa.
8, CERATOGEPHALUS, McencJi.
Sepafa 5, decidua. Petal* 6, fovea nectarifera impressa. Ackew'a
supra* receptaculum spicata, basi utrinque gibba, apice louge rostrata.
Senm erectum.—Herbse awua acaules, f " " '~
A genus consisting of one very' variable species, which is a native of the Mediter-
ranean region of Barope and the corresponding climates of Asia. As a genus it is not
sufficiently distinct from Ranunculus, with which it is connected by means of R.
ozyspermus, Willd., and K orietttaKs,' L., which have long-beaked fruit, ^Wheo
the family is again monographized it will probably be reduced, but the sections of
l at the same time require a thorough revision.
1. C.falcatta (Pew. Syn. 841).— Da Prod. L 26; LeM. M.
Ross. i. 26. 0. Orthoceras, DO. Prod. L 26; Deksa. Ic. Select, i. t.
23; Led. M. Ross. I 36. Eahunculiis falcatus, L. Sp. 781 ; Sckleehk
Anim. San. 6.
HAS. In graminoais siccis montium ladioe boreali-occideatajis : Be-
luchistan ! Afghanistan ! Kashmir ! Kishtwar !— (Fl. vere.) (». ».)
Dl&TRib. Europn austr.I- Asia temperata !
- Serld posilla, tenuiter tomentosa vel rarius gkbra. Petioli sursum diktat!*
Folia ternatisecta, segmentb Unearibus seepe bifidis, interdmn pinnatisecta. Scapi
plnres, 1-flori, l-S-uncidles. Floret 2-3 lineas kti. Sepala 5, oblonga, pfurinervia.
Fdala aaquilonga, obovata, trincrvia, flava, fovea nectarifera miuuta. Aclienia in
spicam oblongam fere uncialem disposita, rosiro recto vel fakato.
We have examined a great .number of authentic specimens of the two species
nsuallj- distinguished, from all the countries in which they occur, and find the shape
and size of the beak of the fruit very variable, as is also the amount of development
of the crest on its dorsum. We have, therefore, no hesitation in adopting Scklech-
tendal's opinion, and uniting the two supposed species. All the forms occur in la-
nd hairy spike0
Sepala 8-5, decidua. Petah 5-15, basi fovea nectarifera impressa.
Achenia in spicam vel capituhm collecta, stylo brevi apiculata. Semen
erectum.-— Herbee annwe vel jperennes, scepius cttukMent®, floribus attis
This very large genw has representatives in all parts of the globe. The tropical
species are very few, and chiefly warsh-plantsj but in all, parts o! the temperate
•tone, and at considerable elevation* in the fonid zone, its species aw numerous,
some growing in water or in marshy places, others in pastures or in woods, while
many of the smaller kinds are found to extend into the arctic zone, or to rise ou the
mountains to tife uppermost limits of vegetation. • Being in general widely diffused,
and ctptie of ekuting under very different circumstances, the species are'extwrnely
variable, and in consequence very difficult of determination and -definition j the shape
of the leaves in particular varies-' much'. In the great majority the Jorfet me pal*